El Síndrome Pospoliomielitis es ocasionado por la muerte de las terminales de nervios individuales en las unidades motoras el desarrollo de una debilidad muscular, atrofia muscular y fatiga muscular nueva que no son explicables por otra causa médica-
ObjectiveTo review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of fibromyalgia.
Evidence ReviewThe medical literature on fibromyalgia was reviewed from 1955 to March 2014 via MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, with an emphasis on meta-analyses and contemporary evidence-based treatment guidelines. Treatment recommendations are based on the most recent evidence-based guidelines from the Canadian Pain Society and graded from 1 to 5 based on the level of available evidence.
FindingsNumerous treatments are available for managing fibromyalgia that are supported by high-quality evidence. These include nonpharmacological therapies (education, exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy) and pharmacological therapies (tricyclics, serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and gabapentinoids).
Conclusions and RelevanceFibromyalgia and other “centralized” pain states are much better understood now than ever before. Fibromyalgia may be considered as a discrete diagnosis or as a constellation of symptoms characterized by central nervous system pain amplification with concomitant fatigue, memory problems, and sleep and mood disturbances. Effective treatment for fibromyalgia is now possible.